SKIN TYPES AND ITS CARE
Beautiful skin =loads of compliments=heads turning
Every individual has his/her own skin type. It depends on genetic,
environmental and hereditary factors. Diet plays and important role. Occupation
affects the type of skin too. For example a journalist who stays outdoors most
of the time have to face the harsh sun and hence would require more of sun
screen based moisturizer and a good cleanser.
Similarly a person sitting in an air-conditioned office may
develop dry skin as cool air causes depletion of moisture from the skin thus
making it tight and stretched. In this case a good creamy moisturizer and a
cold cream at night is a must to maintain the glow.
It is important to find your own skin type so that you can
select the right products to be used on your skin.
There are four categories of skin: Normal
skin, dry skin, oily skin, combination skin (dry and oily) and T-Zone.
Normal Skin: This type of skin is smooth in texture,
elastic and supple with balanced proportion of oil and water. This type of skin
is translucent and glows! It has tiny pores. Normal skin needs good care to
maintain its velvety touch and glow.
RECOMMENDED: Use a face scrub, which will remove any dead cells developed, then
use a mild face wash to maintain the oil and water balance. A toner should be
used followed by a mild moisturizer, which includes UVA/UVB sunscreen and antioxidant protection.
Dry Skin: This skin
feels tight and stretched after a wash. It is flaky and develops wrinkles and
lines at an early stage. Dry skin has less amount of moisture and sebum.
Skin Care Recommended: It needs a good moisturizer in
the daytime and a good night cream as well. Night cream is very important as
the skin is relaxed and rejuvenates faster than in daytime.
Oily Skin: This type of skin is greasy and prone to
pimples, black heads, and white heads as it gathers dry dirt from the
surrounding environment. Sebaceous glands secrete more sebum than required
hence making the skin oily. This skin looks younger when you get old as it
retains the moisture which otherwise gets depleted with age.
RECOMMENDED: Oily skin requires thorough cleansing very regularly to remove the
dirt, which stick to the oily surface. Use a gentle foam face wash that removes
excess dirt. Next step is to use an astringent and then a very light
moisturizer. At night wash your face again with an astringent followed by
minimum quantity of light moisturizer.
for dry and oily skin type with a T-Zone: As the name suggests this type of
skin is a combination of dry patches and oily patches. Forehead, chin and nose
are oily whereas the rest of the area feels dry. Oily patches develop black
heads, white heads and spots.
RECOMMENDED: Use a strong astringent on oily areas. Use a mild moisturizer
concentrating more on dry patches. At night apply moisturizer on dry areas.
Skin: Sensitive skin feels irritable, scratchy, itchy and forms redness when
exposed to harsh environmental conditions like temperature above 28 degree
Celsius or temperature below 10degree Celsius.
RECOMMENDED: Avoid using soaps or face wash. Stay away from strong chemical
products as they might cause irritation. Wash your face with plenty of fresh
water. Use a mild, unperfumed moisturizer, a sunscreen lotion and a good cold
cream at night.
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Freckles are brown
spots on face especially on nose and cheeks which common in individuals with
fair complexion. They might be as small as a pinhead or slightly bigger. They
can be round or flat. Melanocytes are cells located in the lowest layer of our
skin called epidermis. Melanocytes produce pigment called melanin, which is
secreted when skin gets exposed to sun to protect the skin from ultra violet
rays. Uneven distribution of melanin causes its excessive secretion in some
patches resulting in formation of brown spots known as freckles. They might get
reduced when exposed to cold weather but increase when skin gets exposed to
high temperature. As a result in some cases freckles may fade away completely
in winters and gradually return in summers. Freckles also fade away with age.
Tanning causes rapid increase in production of melanin thus causing increased
number of freckles around cheeks and on nose.
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MYTH: FRECKLES ARE
No, freckles are NOT
cancerous. They are just a form of pigmentation due to over production of
melanin in the skin. Most of the times it is difficult to distinguish between
freckles and brown spots. Visit a dermatologist before going in for any kind of
treatment to know whether the appeared pigmentation are freckles or brown
spots. Brown spots can be pre cancerous or cancerous.
Treatments suggested for freckles: Laser Treatment can
be opted for as the freckles melanin pigment absorbs the rays of laser light
easily thus fading away slowly.
Sun Screen As exposure to the sun is the prime reason
behind the occurrence of freckles, it gets mandatory to wear a strong sunscreen
lotion to avoid the ultra violet rays from penetrating into the epidermal layer
of the skin.
Cryosurgery: Though this method is not very often used
for removal of freckles but in some cases individuals have been seen opting for
this surgery. Liquid nitrogen is applied on the affected areas with a pray gun
or a cotton tip. But sometimes it causes appearance of permanent white spots
due to long and direct contact with nitrogen.
Bleaching creams: Bleaching creams can be used to
minimize freckles on the skin. Problem related with the use of bleaching creams
is that it bleaches the entire skin thus resulting in same colour difference
between the pigmented skin and normal skin. Retin-A is recommended to minimize
the occurrence of freckles as it tends to normalize the pigmentation.